I believe we have just enrolled a three-year-old in our Pre-K, which is a half-day, five-day-per-week, Pre-K class. This child speaks only Spanish, though she was born here. I believe she has exhibited delayed speech in Spanish.
Is there a required amount of time, per week, that this child should receive ESL? Should the ESL teacher pull the child out, or push-in? I am aware that there is not yet a Pre-K ESL screening test.
For a preschooler you would not pull out but would closely collaborate with the classroom teacher providing her with suggestions regarding ESL techniques and methods, resources such as websites and articles she could peruse. Colorin Colorado is an excellent resource but many preschool practices are great for ELLs, such as dramatic play, songs, finger-plays, use of visuals and real objects, and modeling what is expected of the students.
I was told that the Pre-K students should not be receiving formal services for ESL. They are screened in Kindergarten and start to receive services at that point. The English language will come through emersion in the classroom for a Pre-K student is what I was told in a visit from the State.
I would be interested to know if this child is in a bilingual pre-kindergarten class and if not, is there anyone to speak to this child in Spanish at all during the day? Things like colors, numbers, shapes, names of animals, etc. should be learned (and hopefully mastered) in native language first.
If there is delayed speech in Spanish, perhaps she can be monitored for future I&RS attention.
Someone should also speak with the parent/guardian about talking more at home with the child and maybe focusing in on some things like colors, numbers, etc.
Best of luck with it!
Already, our members have offered such detailed and helpful answers to your query. As Karen, Sandee and other educators pointed out, pull out is not a best practice for a child that age, neither is using an assessment tool.
As you mentioned, she needs many supports, but she is still developing her native language and to encourage that is crucial. Working with the parents and helping them support her in her home language will help her acquire English later on. All the resources that people have shared with you in their replies will be of great use. Another resource that would be very helpful for you to look into are the new WIDA Early English Development Standards which are also available in Spanish. There are webinars that are excellent on the WIDA website as well, if you have the time.
PreK-K SIG Representative